one of the most impressive temples in Egypt Medinet Habu is both a temple complex and a complex of temples, for the great encompasses the main temple of Ramesses3 and several smaller structures from earlier and later periods.
The main temple itself is the best preserved of all the mortuary temples of Thebes containing more than 7000sq.m of decorated surfaces across its walls and providing and an excellent temple of the developed New Kingdom temple form and plan
The is aligned approximately south-east to northwest, but conventionally the southeast side facing the Nile is described as east.
During the reign of Ramesses 3 and even after the king’s cult had declined, Medinet Habu functioned as the administrative centre of Western Thebes.
Vally of the Kings
It was here, for example, that the workmen who constructed the royal tombs in the Vally of the Kings came to demand payment when they went on strike and it was in the great fortified complex that many of the inhabitants of the area took refuge when Upper Egypt was engulfed in the civil war.
After the close of the 20th dynasty and in other times of trouble. Eventually, the great walls of the complex were breached in a sustained attack, and later.
During the Christians era, the whole area was covered by the Coptic town of Djeme and even the great temple itself was filled with dwelling and one of its courts used as a church. Nevertheless, the administrative and defensive values of the site far outlived the cult of Ramesses, monument, and it was able to avoid many of the predations to which other temples inevitably fell victim.