The City of Luxor
Luxor is one the greatest cities of the ancient world, Thebes grew in importance during the Middle Kingdom and was the political capital of Egypt during much of its new Kingdom period of glory. it was then a religious capital for centuries thereafter. Reference to Thebes -as a legendary if not fabulous place -occur in Classical literature from Homer and continue throughout medieval literature long after the city true location and identity had been forgotten. It was not until the 18th century that the temples of Karnak and Luxor were recognized as those of ancient Waset. Thebes, But today they and the many other temples of the Theban area represent the largest and greatest concentration of temples in Egypt and possibly anywhere. Although badly ruined, no site in Egypt is more impressive than Karnak.
The largest temple complex ever built by man, it represents the combined achievement of the generation of ancient builders and covers a truly massive area. Approximately 3km north of the modern city of Luxor, Karnak requires half a day just to walk around its many precincts and years to come to know it well. Karnak contains not only the great temple of Amun but also the temples of Mut and Khonsu, the other members of Theban triad and many other deities.
The precinct of Mut stands a little to the south and that of the god Montu lies just outside the northern wall of Amun,s complex.
THE GREAT HYPOSTYLE HALL
One of the most impressive buildings of the ancient world -contains 134 columns of open or bundled papyrus form. The massive post and lintel hall was illuminated by high clerestory windows, as seen here near the hall,s centre.
THE STANDING OBELISK OF HATSHEPSUT AT KARNAK
Of the four obelisks erected by Hatshepsut at Karnak, tow has disappeared entirely, and of the tow which was placed between the fourth and the fifth pylons only the northern monument, the tallest standing obelisk in Egypt still remains in place.